The Crips gang was founded in the Watts district of Los Angeles, California in 1969 by Raymond Lee Washington, Greg "Batman" Davis, James "Lil James" Compton and Tookie Williams. The gang was originally named the Cribs but as the gangs leaders grew into their 20’s they decided to rename the gang Crips as in cripple since it was common for Crip members to walk with a limp. As the unorganized gang multiplied in numbers, so did it’s involvement in serious crimes such as extortion and murder.
Symbols: C, color blue, Crip up, Crippin, hand gesture in letter “C”
Ranking structure: Paramilitary
Territory: U.S. Nation wide
Alliances: Mandingo Warriors, Black Guerrilla Family
Racial make up: Black, Hispanic, White, Asian and others
CRIPS LACK OF ORGANIZATION
The Crips are a street gang in every sense of the word. The violent gang lacks organization and consists of hundreds of subgroups. The Crips ranks its members by age and refers its original members as Triple O.G.’s, and its high ranking members as Double O.G’s and Original Gangsters. The gang’s youngest members are referred to as Baby Gangsters and Tiny Gangsters.
CRIPS CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE
The Crips are one of the nation’s largest gangs and are responsible for uncountable murders and assaults. The gang is involved in drug trafficking, racketeering, extortion, murder, prostitution and robbery. Most of the gang’s murders involve disputes over territory and drugs.
CRIPS PRISON GANG
As thousands of Crip gang members found their way inside America’s prison system, conflicts between certain Crip sets and established prison gangs erupted. The Crips were often easy targets since rival Crip sets lacked unity. In 1990, the leaders of different Crip sets decided to organize a unity structure for all Crip members. Under the organizations rules, all Crip members were required to join forces in prison and assist each other in any conflict involving non Crip gang members. As a unified prison structure, the Crips became one of the nation’s largest prison gangs. In most states, the gang now out numbers most traditional prison gangs such as the Mexican Mafia and Aryan Brotherhood.
GANGSTER MOVIE “COLORS” INSPIRES YOUTHS TO GANG BANG
When the gangster movie “Colors” came out in 1988, thousands youths from major cities and small towns across America began playing the deadly blues and reds game. The Crips elected the color blue to represent their gang while the Bloods chose red.
CRIPS INTERNAL RIVALRY
It’s estimated that there are 400 different Crip sets throughout the United States and most Crip related murders are due to bloody conflicts between rival Crip factions. Some say this internal rivalry may have come as a result of the May 21, 2004 peace treaty between the Crips and the Bloods, while others think that drug dealing disputes are the reason.
CRIPS CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
In 1969, the Crips gang is founded by Raymond Lee Washington, Greg "Batman" Davis, James "Lil James" Compton and Tookie Williams in Los Angles, California. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On August 9, 1979, Crips founder Raymond Lee Washington is murdered by a fellow gang member over a verbal dispute.
On April 2, 1989, Earl Solomon is murdered by the bullet of an AK-47 used in a drive by involving the Atlantic Drive Crips and its rival the Santana Block Crips. (People v. Watson, 76 Cal.Rptr.3d 208, 43 Cal.4th 652, 182 P.3d 543)
On May 30, 2001, Crip members shoot and kill Eastside Fresno Bulldogs rival Travone Polk in front of his apartment in Fresno, California. (People v. Rodriguez (Cal. App., 2003)
On March 14, 2003, Crip members shoot and kill rival Bloods member Eric Hines in Los Angeles. (People v. Hodge, B191830 (Cal. App. 9/26/2007)
On March 15, 2003, Crip members raid the Long Beach home of drug dealer Timothy Rounds and murder him. The motive of the crime was robbery. (People v. Simpson, E044373 (Cal. App. 10/16/2008)
On January 24, 2005, Crip members murder non gang member William Johnson at his home in Los Angeles. (People v. Hunter, B192541 (Cal. App. 7/5/2007)
On May 21, 2004, both the Crips and Bloods order a ceasefire after over two decades of urban warfare. (Associated Press)
On July 20, 2005, Insane Crip members murder rival Rolling 20's member Edward Smith in Long Beach, California. (People v. Jacobs, B194536 (Cal. App. 1/22/2008)
On March 19, 2003, Crip member Charles L, Hale, Jr kidnaps and rapes a female Riverside Community College student. (People v. Hale, E039013 (Cal. App. 2/7/2008)
On June 10, 2005, Crip member shoot and kill Anthony Howard as he stands by his car in besides his sisters Stephanie and Viola Howard in Houston, Texas. (Rivers v. State, No. 01-06-00421-CR (Tex. App. 11/8/2007)
On September 19, 2002, Crip members murder Lamar Rufus in Los Angeles. (People v. Johnson, F048042 (Cal. App. 8/31/2006)
On September 3, 2005, members of the West Side Crips murder East side Crip rival Leland Terrell at a party in Los Angeles. (People v. Williams, F050593 (Cal. App. 6/8/2007) (Cal. App., 2007)
In March 2004, Crip members brutally murder Darryl Thompson in a garage in Los Angeles. The victim receives three gun shot wounds to the head. (People v. Williams, 66 Cal.Rptr.2d 123, 16 Cal.4th 153)
On March 24, 2003, Crip members do a drive by at a rival’s house and kill three-month-old Jiyen Dent Jr in Youngstown, Ohio. (State v. Drummond, 111 Ohio St.3d 14, 854 N.E.2d 1038, 2006 Ohio 5084)
On April 9, 2005, Crips members rob and murder crack cocaine dealer Rogelio Ibanez as he sits in his car in Los Angeles. (People v. Buckhalter, B188487 (Cal. App. 1/29/2008) (Cal. App., 2008)
On October 9, 2004, Crips member brutally murder rival Bloods member Michael McGhee in front of his family during a barbeque in Fresno, California. (People v. Williams, F050992 (Cal. App. 6/19/2007)
On July 1, 1999, Crip members kidnap, stab and kill Jeffrey Adam Carrier in a remote field in Tyler, Texas. (Thompson v. State, 54 S.W.3d 88 (Tex.App.-Tyler, 2001)
On November 19, 1993, Crips members gun down and kill Anthony Garrett as he's walking down a Fort Worth, Texas street wearing a red jersey. (Armstead v. State, 977 S.W.2d 791 (Tex.App.-Fort Worth, 1998)
On April 9, 1987, Crips members rob and murder David Thompson while he's walking with his wife Namora Thompson in Los Angeles. (People v. Carter, 135 Cal.Rptr.2d 553, 30 Cal.4th 1166, 70 P.3d 981)
On May 5, 1995, five Crip prisoners attack staff members in California's Calipatria State Prison. 8 staff members are severely injured. (Walker v. Gomez, 370 F.3d 969 (9th Cir. 2004)
On May 28, 2000, Crips member murder 20 year old Lori Gonzalez as they attempt to gun down her boyfriend who is a rival Bloods member. (People v. Shabazz, 130 P.3d 519, 40 Cal.Rptr.3d 750, 38 Cal.4th 55 (Cal., 2006)
OTHER DANGEROUS BLACK PRISON GANGS
BLACK GUERRILLA FAMILY - The BGF attracted thousands of angry African-American offenders.....
CRIPS AND BLOODS SETS - Crips and Bloods sets from A to Z ..............................................................
BLOODS - The Bloods became a full scale prison gang when members of different sets decided to unite
FOUR CORNER HUSTLERS - In 1969, the Four Corner Hustlers is founded in Chicago, Illinois............
GANGSTER DISCIPLES - In 1986, the GD’s decided to organize a unity structure inside the prison.......
MANDINGO WARRIORS - The Mandingo Warriors is a black prison gang that was founded in 1981..
VICE LORDS - As the Vice Lords multiplied in numbers so did the severity of its crimes.........................