BLACK GUERRILLA FAMILY
The Black Guerrilla Family was founded in 1966 by George Lester
Jackson, W.L. Nolen, David Johnson, James Carr and other black racist convicts
in California’s San Quentin state prison. The revolting gang’s founding
fathers were inmate writ writers and adopted the ideology and militia structure
of the Symbionese Liberation Army. There objective in starting the gang
was to unite incarcerated black inmates and kick off a violent uprising
against what they believed was a racist white prison administration.
The BGF attracted thousands of angry African-American offenders with little to lose. The ruthless gang was responsible for dozens of staff assaults and even the brutal murder of a Marin County court judge in 1970.
Symbols: Crossed sabers, machetes, rifles with the letters BGF, 276, a horned dragon wrapped around a prison tower
Ranking structure: Paramilitary
Territory: California and selected areas around the United States
Alliances: Nuestra Familia, Crips and Bloods
Racial make up: Black
BGF PLAY FOR KEEPS
The Black Guerrilla Family made national headlines on August 7, 1970 when masked and heavily armed BGF militia members raided the Marin County Courthouse in San Rafael, California in an attempt to free BFG founder George Jackson who was on trial for Capital murder. Gang members then attempted to kidnap Judge Harold Haley causing law enforcement officials to open fire. The judge, a bailiff and 1 BGF member were killed in the shoot out. BGF leader George Jackson survived but was swiftly apprehended and sent to the maximum security San Quentin State Prison.
BGF FOUNDERS SHOT TO DEATH BY GUARDS
On January 13, 1970, Black Guerrilla Family co founder W.L. Nolan was shot to death by guards during a bloody BGF vs. Aryan Brotherhood prison race riot in California’s Soledad State Prison. The BGF received another low blow shortly after Nolan’s death when sniper guards at the San Quentin State Prison shot and killed the BGF leader George Jackson after an unsuccessful prison escape.
BGF AFTER EFFECT
Leaderless BGF soldiers lost moral and ditched the gang’s original Communist Mao Tse-tung ideology. The gangs new leader Ruben Williams, lacked political vision and developed an interest in robbery, extortion and drug trafficking. The BGF formed alliances with the Nuestra Familia prison gang in 1971 and assisted the NF in taking complete control of the northern California drug trade once dominated by the Mexican Mafia and Aryan Brotherhood.
THE BGF BITES OFF THE HAND THAT ONCE FED THEM
In August 17, 1980, leaders of the BGF ordered the murder of two black inmates at the Vacaville, California State Prison and violated their own principal rule of prohibiting its members from shedding the blood of fellow black people. The BGF proceeded brake it’s rule for a second time on August 26, 1989 when BGF member Tyrone Robinson gun downed Black Panther leader Huey P. Newton in Oakland, California. The BGF ordered the slaying after Newton demanded that the BGF stop selling heroin to black addicts. (Associated Press)
BGF CHRONOLOGIES OF EVENTS
In 1966, the Black Guerrilla Family is founded by George Lester Jackson, W.L. Nolen, David Johnson, James Carr and other black racist convicts in California’s San Quentin state prison. (Imprisoned Intellectuals)
On January 13, 1970 guards at the Soledad State Prison shoot and kill BGF co founder W.L. Nolen during a racial riot against Aryan Brotherhood members. (Imprisoned Intellectuals pg. 86)
On August 7, 1970, heavily armed members of the Black Guerrilla Family storm into the Marin County Courthouse in San Rafael, California in an attempt to free BFG founder George Jackson who was on trial for murder. Judge Harold Haley is killed after gang members and law enforcement officials have a shoot out. (Associated Press)
In August 1971, BGF founder George Jackson is shot and killed by guards after trying to escape from the San Quentin state prison. (Imprisoned Intellectuals)
In 1970, the Black Guerilla Family forms an alliance with the Nuestra Familia to battle the Mexican Mafia and Aryan Brotherhood. (Gang Intelligence 101)
On August 17, 1980, Black Guerrilla Family members Larry H. Roberts and Archie Menefield brutally murder fellow prison inmates Charles Gardner and Albert Patch in a Vacaville, California state prison. Gardner and Patch are stabbed numerous times because they disrespected the BGF. (In re Roberts, 60 P.3d 165, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 762, 29 Cal.4th 726)
In 1983 the BGF appoints Ruben Williams as leader. Williams lacks political vision and leads the gang into robbery, extortion and drug trafficking. (Imprisoned Intellectuals)
On August 26, 1989, BGF member Tyrone Robinson murders Black Panther leader Huey P. Newton in Oakland, California. The BGF ordered the hit after Newton demanded that the BGF stop dealing narcotics in the area. (Associated Press)
In February 1994, Black Guerrilla Family members murder two-year-old Bianca Robinson in San Francisco, California in an attempt to shoot cocaine dealer Kelly Hollimon who was sitting near the victim. (Powell v. Galaza, 328 F.3d 558 (9th Cir., 2003)
On March 1, 2002, Black Guerilla Family member Kevin Watts, robs and brutally murders a San Antonio, Texas man. (Watts v. State, No. AP-74,593 (TX 12/15/2004)
In January 2009, BGF member’s murder 23-year-old Jasmine Harris at her home in Baltimore, Maryland after Harris refuses to return drugs she was hired to smuggle. (Associated Press)
OTHER DANGEROUS BLACK PRISON GANGS
BLACK GUERRILLA FAMILY - The BGF attracted thousands of angry African-American offenders.....
CRIPS - The Crips gang was founded in the Watts district of Los Angeles, California in 1969...................
CRIPS AND BLOODS SETS - Crips and Bloods sets from A to Z ..............................................................
BLOODS - The Bloods became a full scale prison gang when members of different sets decided to unite
FOUR CORNER HUSTLERS - In 1969, the Four Corner Hustlers is founded in Chicago, Illinois............
GANGSTER DISCIPLES - In 1986, the GD’s decided to organize a unity structure inside the prison.......
MANDINGO WARRIORS - The Mandingo Warriors is a black prison gang that was founded in 1981..
VICE LORDS - As the Vice Lords multiplied in numbers so did the severity of its crimes.........................